The efficacy of auricular vagus nerve stimulation on improving fluency during reading acquisition

Previous work by Dr. Centanni has demonstrated that some children who struggle to learn to read have inconsistency in their brain's response to speech and letter stimuli. In these children, their brains do not respond the same way every time they hear a single speech sound. In typical readers, this consistency is important when it comes time to match the sound a letter makes to the visual presentation of that letter (a grapheme). Many interventions already exist for dyslexia, but none are 100% successful and there are many brain and genetic differences that may drive the failure of children to respond in any single case. The Centanni Lab is about to begin a study in typical, college-age adults to test a novel method for improving the ease with which sounds are mapped onto new letters. Stay tuned for more information as this exciting study moves forward!

Genetic influences on communication disorders and plasticity

Communication disorders in humans are complex and often the result of many genes. Dr. Centanni's previous work involved unpacking the role of two individual dyslexia-associated genes on auditory perception and plasticity for auditory stimuli, including speech sounds. The Centanni lab will be ramping up several studies in the coming months to investigate these genes further and to expand our work into autism related genes. For example, one of our first studies involves a rat model of autism in which the candidate-gene CNTNAP2 has been knocked out. This gene has implications for IQ and motor production of speech, but whether this gene affects auditory perception or prediction (a common deficit in autism) is unknown. We are running these rats through a variety of behavioral and neural recording paradigms to answer these questions.